or Sideroxylon Dulcificum.
Miracle Fruit / Miracle Berry (Synsepalum Dulcificum)
The Synsepalum dulcificum or Sideroxylon dulcificum is a small tree or shrub from the tropical, family Sapotaceae, a native of West Africa, released in Europe since the early eighteenth century, allegedly by French explorers. Synsepalum dulcificum grows up to 10 m high, in hot and humid climates and on lowlands, and especially on acid soil (pH <5.8). Its growth rate is slow, taking up to 10 years to reach maturity under natural conditions.
Synsepalum dulcificum foliage is evergreen, carrying white flowers throughout the year; at the end of the rainy season (2 times per year) produces miracle berries which are elongated, about. 3-4 cm long, deep red. These are known as miracle fruit because of the content of miraculin in the flesh, a glycoprotein which is linked to the taste buds and masks completely bitter and acidic flavors for a long time, about. 30 minutes.
This property has given rise to a prestigious culinary myth in Japan, Europe and USA and future uses are that it can be used as a substitute for sugar sweetener in food diet to control diabetes and obesity.
- Related Names
- Miracle Fruit, Miracle Berry, Magic Berry, Sapotaceae (family).
- Natural Western Africa.
- Forgotten for two and a half centuries, the first mention of this fruit goes back to 1725.
- Active Ingredients
- Miraculin (protein sweetener).
- Transforms the taste to sweet from acidic in amending the perception of many flavours (lasts approximately 2 hours depending on amount eaten)