Synsepalum Dulcificum

or Sideroxylon Dulcificum.

Miracle Fruit / Miracle Berry (Synsepalum Dulcificum)

The Synsepalum dulcificum or Sideroxylon dulcificum is a small tree or shrub from the tropical, family Sapotaceae, a native of West Africa, released in Europe since the early eighteenth century, allegedly by French explorers. Synsepalum dulcificum grows up to 10 m high, in hot and humid climates and on lowlands, and especially on acid soil (pH <5.8). Its growth rate is slow, taking up to 10 years to reach maturity under natural conditions.

Synsepalum dulcificum foliage is evergreen, carrying white flowers throughout the year; at the end of the rainy season (2 times per year) produces miracle berries which are elongated, about. 3-4 cm long, deep red. These are known as miracle fruit because of the content of miraculin in the flesh, a glycoprotein which is linked to the taste buds and masks completely bitter and acidic flavors for a long time, about. 30 minutes.

This property has given rise to a prestigious culinary myth in Japan, Europe and USA and future uses are that it can be used as a substitute for sugar sweetener in food diet to control diabetes and obesity.

Synsepalum dulcificum

Related Names
Miracle Fruit, Miracle Berry, Magic Berry, Sapotaceae (family).
Habitat
Natural Western Africa.
History
Forgotten for two and a half centuries, the first mention of this fruit goes back to 1725.
Active Ingredients
Miraculin (protein sweetener).
Uses
Transforms the taste to sweet from acidic in amending the perception of many flavours (lasts approximately 2 hours depending on amount eaten)